1. Quick Detail:
Product Name: Imidacloprid
Synonyms: 1-((6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-N-nitro-imidazolidinimine; ((6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine,96% imidacloprid TC; 1-(6-chloro-3-pyridylmethyl)-N-nitroimidazolidin-2-ylideneamine; 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine; (EZ)-1-(6-Chloro-3-pyridylmethyl)-N-nitroimidazolidin-2-ylideneamine; 1-((6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-N-nitro-1H-imidazol-2-amine; 1-((6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-N-nitro-imidazol-2-amine; Admire; Confidor; Gaucho; Merit
Appearance: White powder
Melting point 144℃
Boiling point 411.7°C at 760 mmHg
Refractive index 1.713
Flash point 202.8°C
Water solubility 0.061 g/100mL at 20℃
Vapour Pressur 5.47E-07mmHg at 25°C
Imidacloprid is a systemic insecticide which acts as an insect neurotoxin and belongs to a class of chemicals called the neonicotinoids which act on the central nervous system of insects with much lower toxicity to mammals. The chemical works by interfering with the transmission of stimuli in the insect nervous system. Specifically, it causes a blockage of the nicotinergic neuronal pathway. By blocking nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, imidacloprid prevents acetylcholine from transmitting impulses between nerves resulting in the insect's paralysis, and eventually death. It is effective on contact and via stomach action. Because imidacloprid binds much more strongly to insect neuron receptors than to mammal neuron receptors, this insecticide is selectively more toxic to insects than to mammals.
Imidacloprid is currently the most widely used insecticide in the world. Although it is now off patent, the primary manufacturer of this chemical is Bayer CropScience (part of Bayer AG). It is sold under many names for many uses; it can be applied by soil injection, tree injection, application to the skin of the plant, broadcast foliar, ground application as a granular or liquid formulation, or as a pesticide-coated seed treatment. Imidacloprid is widely used for pest control in agriculture. Other uses include application to foundations to prevent termite damage, pest control for gardens and turf, treatment of domestic pets to control fleas, protection of trees from boring insects, and in preservative treatment of some types of lumber products (e.g., Ecolife brand).